Want The World’s Best wages? Move To Switzerland
Sunday, August 30, 2009
Labels: Economy and Business
posted @ 8:49 PM, ,
posted @ 2:39 PM, ,
ICAP - President's Communication
Saturday, August 29, 2009
Notices under Section 176 of Income Tax Ordinance, 2001
As mentioned in my Communication - 8, notices were issued by the Federal Board of Revenue(FBR) to some of the audit firms under Section 176 of the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 requiring them to submit working paper files and other information relating to their clients.
The Institute held high level meetings with the Chairman and other senior officials of the FBR to address this matter on priority basis. I am pleased to report that FBR has agreed with our view that it is not appropriate for tax authorities to require audit working papers from audit firms, and FBR haswithdrawn such notices.
Development on ICAEW MoU
Further to my earlier communications on the subject of MoU with ICAEW, I have just received a letter from the President ICAEW informing us of their agreement to provide further exemption in the Business Strategy Paper of Professional Stage to our members. We are continuing our dialogue with the ICAEW for exemption in the remaining two Advance Stage Papers and extending our cooperation in other areas.
posted @ 12:04 PM, ,
Job in Qarshi Industries
Thursday, August 27, 2009
Job Title: Manager Audit and Budget
Category: Financial Services
Job Type: Permanent ( firstshift )
Job Location: Lahore
Age: 30 - 40 Years
Degree Title: CA/ ACMA
Career Level: Manager
Minimum Experience: 5 Years(Minimum 05 years post qualification experience of Audit & Budgets in a renowned FMCG organization in managerial capacity.)
Require Travel: 25%
Apply here by: Nov 25, 2009
posted @ 10:17 AM, ,
Swiss Bank Secrets
Wednesday, August 26, 2009
Under the agreement, UBS -- Switzerland's largest bank -- is expected to turn over the names of Americans who controlled 4,450 accounts that are currently open or have been closed.
The secret accounts at one point held as much as $18 billion, the IRS said.
"We will be receiving an unprecedented amount of information," IRS Commissioner Doug Shulman told reporters Wednesday morning.
The settlement follows a long-running effort by the U.S. government to penetrate Swiss bank secrecy and catch tax evaders.
The U.S. government had been seeking a federal court order demanding that UBS identify the holders of 52,000 accounts. The Swiss government vowed to prevent such a disclosure, leading to weeks of negotiations.
Switzerland was fighting to preserve the reputation for privacy that has made its banking industry a global powerhouse and a pillar of the Swiss economy.
The deal includes concessions that might make it easier for Switzerland to argue that its tradition of secrecy survived the battle.
The United States agreed to narrow its request.
More importantly, the United States agreed to drop its federal lawsuit against UBS and pursue the information through a Swiss legal channel under a tax treaty between the two countries.
The U.S. government tried to use that channel last year but got nowhere. Switzerland has agreed to handle the request differently this time.
Switzerland has not explicitly promised to identify the holders of the 4,450 accounts, but the two sides said that is the expected result, suggesting that the new U.S. request is mainly a formality and the outcome is preordained.
Under Swiss law, the affected depositors would have the opportunity to contest the release of their names and account information. But that, too, could be a hollow exercise. Under an interpretation of U.S. law, they might be required to disclose such appeals to the Justice Department, rendering moot any attempt to remain anonymous.
In February, to avoid criminal prosecution, UBS agreed to pay the U.S. government $780 million and admitted that it schemed to defraud the United States by helping Americans hide money from the IRS. At that time, the Swiss provided the names of 200 to 300 American depositors, which shows how much farther Switzerland is moving on the issue.
Some details of the settlement were not disclosed. The criteria the U.S. government used to narrow its request remain under wraps. That leaves UBS depositors guessing as to their personal risk of exposure and keeps them under pressure to seek leniency by turning themselves in to the IRS.
It could also obscure any shift in Switzerland's bank secrecy standards.
posted @ 2:04 PM, ,
The IFRS requires an entity to recognise share-based payment transactions in its financial statements, including transactions with employees or other parties to be settled in cash, other assets, or equity instruments of the entity. There are no exceptions to the IFRS, other than for transactions to which other Standards apply.
The IFRS sets out measurement principles and specific requirements for three types of share-based payment transactions:
(a) equity-settled share-based payment transactions, in which the entity receives goods or services as consideration for equity instruments of the entity (including shares or share options);
(b) cash-settled share-based payment transactions, in which the entity acquires goods or services by incurring liabilities to the supplier of those goods or services for amounts that are based on the price (or value) of the entity’s shares or other equity instruments of the entity; and
(c) transactions in which the entity receives or acquires goods or services and the terms of the arrangement provide either the entity or the supplier of those goods or services with a choice of whether the entity settles the transaction in cash or by issuing equity instruments.
For equity-settled share-based payment transactions, the IFRS requires an entity to measure the goods or services received, and the corresponding increase in equity, directly, at the fair value of the goods or services received, unless that fair value cannot be estimated reliably. If the entity cannot estimate reliably the fair value of the goods or services received, the entity is required to measure their value, and the corresponding increase in equity, indirectly, by reference to the fair value of the equity instruments granted. Furthermore:
(a) for transactions with employees and others providing similar services, the entity is required to measure the fair value of the equity instruments granted, because it is typically not possible to estimate reliably the fair value of employee services received. The fair value of the equity instruments granted is measured at grant date.
(b) for transactions with parties other than employees (and those providing similar services), there is a rebuttable presumption that the fair value of the goods or services received can be estimated reliably. That fair value is measured at the date the entity obtains the goods or the counterparty renders service. In rare cases, if the presumption is rebutted, the transaction is measured by reference to the fair value of the equity instruments granted, measured at the date the entity obtains the goods or the counterparty renders service.
(c) for goods or services measured by reference to the fair value of the equity instruments granted, the IFRS specifies that vesting conditions, other than market conditions, are not taken into account when estimating the fair value of the shares or options at the relevant measurement date (as specified above). Instead, vesting conditions are taken into account by adjusting the number of equity instruments included in the measurement of the transaction amount so that, ultimately, the amount recognised for goods or services received as consideration for the equity instruments granted is based on the number of equity instruments that eventually vest. Hence, on a cumulative basis, no amount is recognised for goods or services received if the equity instruments granted do not vest because of failure to satisfy a vesting condition (other than a market condition).
(d) the IFRS requires the fair value of equity instruments granted to be based on market prices, if available, and to take into account the terms and conditions upon which those equity instruments were granted. In the absence of market prices, fair value is estimated, using a valuation technique to estimate what the price of those equity instruments would have been on the measurement date in an arm’s length transaction between knowledgeable, willing parties.
(e) the IFRS also sets out requirements if the terms and conditions of an option or share grant are modified (eg: an option is repriced) or if a grant is cancelled, repurchased or replaced with another grant of equity instruments. For example, irrespective of any modification, cancellation or settlement of a grant of equity
instruments to employees, the IFRS generally requires the entity to recognise, as a minimum, the services received measured at the grant date fair value of the equity instruments granted.
For cash-settled share-based payment transactions, the IFRS requires an entity to measure the goods or services acquired and the liability incurred at the fair value of the liability. Until the liability is settled, the entity is required to remeasure the fair value of the liability at each reporting date and at the date of settlement, with any changes in value recognised in profit or loss for the period.
For share-based payment transactions in which the terms of the arrangement provide either the entity or the supplier of goods or services with a choice of whether the entity settles the transaction in cash or by issuing equity instruments, the entity is required to account for that transaction, or the components of that transaction, as a cash-settled share-based payment transaction if, and to the extent that, the entity has incurred a liability to settle in cash (or other assets), or as an equity-settled share-based payment transaction if, and to the extent that, no such liability has been incurred.
The IFRS prescribes various disclosure requirements to enable users of financial statements to understand:
(a) the nature and extent of share-based payment arrangements that existed during the period;
(b) how the fair value of the goods or services received, or the fair value of the equity instruments granted, during the period was determined; and
(c) the effect of share-based payment transactions on the entity’s profit or loss for the period and on its financial position.
posted @ 12:24 AM, ,
Maket Share - Urea Production
Tuesday, August 25, 2009
Manufacturer----------Urea Capacity-----Capaciy Utilization----Market Share
Fauji Fertilizer Company---1,904,000 MT-------118%----------------------45%
Engro Chemicals Company---850,000 MT-------107%----------------------20%
Fauji Fertilizer Bin Qasim----551,100 MT--------105%----------------------13%
Dawood Hercules Company--445,500 MT--------91%-----------------------11%
Pak American Fertilizer----- 350,000 MT-------100%----------------------08%
Pak Arab Fertilizer Co.------92,400 MT---------124%----------------------02%
posted @ 8:30 PM, ,
Finance and Internal Audit Jobs
Monday, August 24, 2009
Chief Financial Officer (CFO)
Qualificatoin: CA / ACMA / MBA / MS(Finance)
Experience: 10 Years
Reports to: CEO
Manager Internla Audit
Qualificatoin: CA / CA-Inter / MBA / MS(Finance)/ ACCA
Experience: 4-5 Years
Reports to: CEO
Interested candidates can apply with confidence by 15th September, 2009 with complete application and CV here.
posted @ 10:11 AM, ,
ICAEW's New Exemption for ICAP Members
Thursday, August 20, 2009
In June this year, we announced a significant change to our ACA programme for ICAP members.
I am pleased to be able to inform you of a further change to the programme. Following a successful submission by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Pakistan, ICAP members will no longer be required to sit the ICAEW’s Professional Stage Business Strategy module.
With immediate effect ICAP members can apply for credit from the Business Strategy paper. This applies to existing ACA students as well as those not yet registered.
Credit for Business Strategy will not be awarded automatically. You will need to apply for credit. As you have already been awarded credit previously you need to send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org quoting your ICAEW student registration number and requesting that this additional credit is awarded. Applications for credit received from today will automatically be awarded all 12 credits. If in doubt please check your record.
The fee waiver for CPL applications from ICAP members will remain at least until the end of this year.
We are delighted at these recent, positive, changes that recognise our close working relationship with ICAP. We continue to work closely with ICAP in a number of areas; however we do not expect any further changes to the ACA programme for ICAP members in the foreseeable future.
Meanwhile if you have any questions about these changes please do not hesitate to contact Justin West,Senior Business Development Manager, Learning and Professional Development.
posted @ 5:27 PM, ,
Job in Ghandara Nissan Limited
Thursday, August 13, 2009
Ghandhara Nissan Limited is a public limited company of high repute. It is the only automobile company in Pakistan that produces a complete range of automobiles covering Passenger cars, light and heavy commercial vehicles (truck and buses). Presently we have following openings:
MANAGER (COST & BUDGETING)
- Should be qualified ACMA
- Should have 3 to 5 years relevant work experience in reputed engineering / automobile industry.
- Age limit upto 32 years
MANAGER (INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS)
- Masters Degree in any discipline with LL.B.
- Should have minimum 5years relevant work experience in reputed / manufacturing company.
- Age limit upto 40 years
All candidates should also have good interpersonal and communication skills and be computer literate.
Attractive salary package and congenial working environment will be provided. Aspirants meeting the above criteria should send their CV’s latest by August 21, 2009 here.
posted @ 4:03 PM, ,
2- Export target set at $25 billion
3- Aims at increased production on sustainable basis
4- Rs40.000 Billion (Textile Investment Support Fund) for technology, standardization, value addition
5- Cotton value addition products to double in 5 years
6- Technology Up-gradation Fund to be established
7- Govt to pay 50pc mark-up on new investments
8- Rs.1.000 Billion for infrastructure uplift
Restructuring and reorganisation of the textile sector is on the cards which includes drawback of local taxes refund of past R and D claims and Magnetisation of PTA;
Key initiatives are creation of Textile Investment Support Fund (TISF); Technology Upgradation Fund (TUF); Infrastructure Development; Skill Development; Zero Rating of Exports; Tax free import of machinery and Rationalisation of Tariff structure;
The policy also envisages removing regulatory bottlenecks ie market access; marketing support, export house scheme, marketing insurance scheme and improving Information and communication technology;
The sub-sectors initiatives include Fibers, Ginning, Filament yarn, Shipping, Weaving and Knitting, non-woven, processing, home textiles, garments, fashion and design, technical textiles, handlooms and handicrafts, carpets;
The policy encompasses indigenization, women employment support programme, support for disabled, handicapped.
posted @ 10:25 AM, ,
MCB has announced the signing of agreement on following terms and conditions.
- Total number of shares of Royal Bank of Scotland = 1,717,930,855 (approx.)
- Total number of shares of RBS acquired by MCB = 1,707,107,891 (99.37%)
- Mode of Payment = Cash
- Price of a share = 4.22 per share
- Total Price of shares = Rs.7.200 Billion
- Total Price in US $ = 87 Million
- Source of funding = Internally by MCB
- Total number of branches of RBS = Over 75
- Total ATM Machines = 90
- Total assets of RBS Pakistan = 108 Billion
- Post acquisition MCB branches would be = 1139 branches
- Total consolidated deposits would increase to = 413 Billion
- Total consolidated gross advances would be = 324 Billion
- Advisors of MCB in this transaction = Bank of America Merrill Lynch and KSB Securities
- Advisors of RBS = Morgan Stanley
posted @ 9:14 AM, ,
Economic and Business Updates - August 03 to 09, 2009
Wednesday, August 12, 2009
- THE International Monetary Fund Board decides to release $840 million to Pakistan.
- THE Sindh government fixes issue price for wheat at Rs975 per 40kg or Rs24.35 per kg against the procurement price of Rs950 per 40kg.
- TWO liquefied petroleum gas companies – Lub Gas and Mehran LPG – reduce their nationwide ex-plant wholesale price by up to 10 per cent.
- THE Zarai Taraqiati Bank Limited unveils credit plan amounting to Rs80 billion for the financial year 200910 for various development schemes.
- THE State Bank of Pakistan decides to end the single policy rate regime by introducing new mechanism for liquidity management to fulfill the International Monetary Fund condition.
- THE federal government borrows Rs121.744 billion for budgetary support from the banking system during the first three weeks of the current fiscal year 2009-10 due to the rising expenditures and shortfall in revenue collection.
- OVER 54 per cent of the registered corporate sector, 76 per cent individuals, and 83 per cent of the Association of Persons are non-filers of income tax returns for the tax year 2008, reflecting non-compliance by majority of the registered persons.
- ALL outstanding circular debt of power companies will be paid during the current month, says Finance Minister Shaukat Tarin.
- CHINA shelves the coastal oil refinery project at Gwadar in Balochistan, and deletes it from the list of financial development plan 2009-10 agreed with Pakistan.
THE World Bank again postpones two key loans for national trade corridor worth $834 million for a year on the government’s lethargic attitude towards transport sector investment.
- FEDERAL Minister for Water and Power Raja Parvaiz Ashraf tells the National Assembly that the government has no option but to go for power rentals as hydro, coal and IPPs could take from three to eight years, but people cannot afford power outages any more.
- THE Federal Board of Revenue collects over Rs74 billion during the first month of the current fiscal year 2009-10 against the target of Rs78 billion for July 2009, reflecting a shortfall of Rs3.9 billion.
- THE producer prices of liquefied petroleum gas decreases by Rs10 per 11.8kg cylinder across the country, reflecting lower prices in global oil and gas markets.
- CEMENT sales in the first month of the fiscal year 2009-10 shows a strong growth, recording an increase of six per cent compared to sales in the same month of the last fiscal year.
posted @ 10:08 AM, ,
Follow Me on Twitter
Monday, August 10, 2009
Read this at Light Within and follow me here!
posted @ 12:21 PM, ,
Why FRM Certification
Sunday, August 9, 2009
You should consider obtaining your FRM due to some following reasons
- You will be recognized across the globe as a leader in financial risk management
- You will be more desirable to executive recruiters and hiring managers since they are now seeking FRM holders for senior risk management jobs more than ever before
- The FRM professional certification differentiates you from your peers
- Studying the broad concepts underlying risk management in today's dynamic market environment will give you a holistic view and appreciation for the role risk management plays in an enterprise
- Provides you with the feeling of personal achievement and the satisfaction of conquering an exam developed by the best risk management practitioners in the world
- Objectively benchmarks your knowledge of the major strategic disciplines of financial risk management:
o Market Risk
o Credit Risk
o Operational Risk
o Risk Management in Investment Management
- Allows you to join an elite group of 17,673 FRMs across the globe with the only risk management certification recognized worldwide
- Expands your personal and professional opportunities within the world of finance
- Provides you with the ability to network with some of the world's leading financial risk management professionals
posted @ 8:43 PM, ,
A debtor and creditor may renegotiate the terms of a financial liability with the result that the liability is fully or partially extinguished by the debtor issuing equity instruments to the creditor. These transactions are sometimes referred to as ‘debt for equity swaps’. The IFRIC has received requests for guidance on the accounting for such transactions.
The [draft] Interpretation addresses only the accounting by an entity that renegotiates the terms of a financial liability and issues equity instruments to the creditor to extinguish the liability fully or partially. It does not address the accounting by the creditor.
This [draft] Interpretation addresses the following issues:
- Are an entity’s equity instruments ‘consideration paid’ in accordance with IAS 39 paragraph 41?
- How should an entity initially measure the equity instruments issued to extinguish a financial liability?
- How should an entity account for any difference between the carrying amount of the financial liability extinguished and the initial measurement amount of the equity instruments issued?
- The issue of an entity’s equity instruments to a creditor to extinguish all or part of a financial liability is consideration paid in accordance with IAS 39 paragraph 41. An entity shall remove a financial liability (or part of a financial liability) from its statement of financial position when it is extinguished in accordance with IAS 39 paragraph 39.
- An entity shall initially measure equity instruments issued to a creditor to extinguish all or part of a financial liability at the fair value of the equity instruments issued or the fair value of the liability extinguished, whichever is more reliably determinable.
- An entity shall recognise in profit or loss the difference between the carrying amount of the financial liability (or part of the financial liability) extinguished and the initial measurement amount of the equity instruments issued in accordance with IAS 39 paragraph 41.
- If only part of the financial liability is extinguished by the issue of equity instruments, the entity also assesses the terms of the financial liability that remains outstanding to determine whether they are substantially different from those of the original financial liability. If the terms of the financial liability that remains outstanding are substantially different from those of the original financial liability, the entity shall account for the modification as the extinguishment of the original financial liability and the recognition of a new financial liability in accordance with IAS 39 paragraph 40.
- An entity shall disclose a gain or loss recognised in accordance with paragraph 6 or 7 as a separate line item in the statement of comprehensive income and the separate income statement (if presented) or in the notes.
posted @ 12:23 PM, ,
How To Prepare For The FRM Exam
Saturday, August 8, 2009
- 5 to 6 months of preparation time: FRM® Exam is a very tough exam, a reasonable estimate to prepare for the exam would be 200 hours for every Level or 400 hrs for Full exam. Depending on an individual's academic background and work experience, preparation for the exam would take approximately 5 to 6 months.
- Books to refer: GARPTM suggests that "FRM® Core Readings" and the Phillip Jorian Handbook should be referred for preparing for the Exam. Also one can refer to the Summarised material (Pristine Comprehensive Notes, Scheweser Notes, bionoc turtle etc). Summarised material may reduce your preparation time, but the Core readings & Phillip Jorian should be referred from time to time incase you are unable to solve the questions on a particular topic.
- How to allocate time: 70% of the preparation time should be spend on understanding the concepts and reviewing the material. 30% of the time should be spend on practicing last year question papers.
- Important Topics: it’s very difficult to say, as they cover almost all the topics , but do not leave the topics given below: VAR( practice all the online questions: last year around 20 questions on VAR) , Current events, Securitization & CDO (last year around 15+ questions), Linear regression, RAROC, Option pricing, Option Greeks, Duration & convexity, Swaps( practice atleast 2 questions), Credit Derivatives, Marginal & Cumulative probability in Credit risk, Expected Loss , Portfolio Variance Calculation, correlation & Covariance, Probability distributions, Skewness & Kurtosis , Normal Distribution ( how to calculate z, and area between two points), hedging with futures ( all the formulas for hedge ratio), Foreign exchange, Clean and Dirty price of bond (solve example), Put Call parity ( solve example),Delta Gamma hedging in options ( solve example), All ratios in portfolio management, Netting in credit risk, Rating migration in Credit Risk( solve example on what is the probability a bond will move from a rating to default status), Merton & KMV model, Credit exposure, Economic Capital, Basel guidelines, Loss distribution Approach in operational Risk, Beta, HFLS and LFHS risks, bottom up & Top down approach.
- Pattern of the exam: The exam is a practice – oriented exam , so they will normally test you on your concepts & fundamentals , around 40% questions may be on problem solving , even the theory questions are conceptual and cannot be answered by merely memorizing .
- The Calculators: HP or Texas, both are available in the market, the main functions that you have to practice are exponential, log and bond valuation( PV, NPV, FV, 1/Y, PMT, IRR ).
- Difficulty of Questions: the questions are designed by existing GARP members, the selection criteria for a question is the level of difficulty . So the questions will be very very difficult, also the time to answer every question is only 2.15 minutes.
- Prepare Summary Notes for revision: and practice questions on every topic as you complete the topics.
posted @ 10:13 AM, ,
- Foundations of Risk Management (10%),
- Quantitative Analysis (10%),
- Financial Markets & Products (15%),
- Valuation and Risk Models (15%),
- Market Risk Management and Measurement (10%),
- Credit Risk (10%), Operational Risk (10%),
- Investment Management (10%)
- and current issues in Risk Management (10%)
FRM level I Exam is a 4-hour (2 test of 2 hours each), 100 multiple choice question examination, the exam is split into two sections of 2 hrs each (morning and afternoon session). The Level I syllabus is a subset of Complete FRM® syllabus and covers all tools required for Risk Management. Questions are clubbed together for all categories, i.e.
- Foundations of Risk Management (20%),
- Quantitative Analysis (20%),
- Financial Markets & Products (30%),
- Valuation and Risk Models (30%).
The exam is a percentile-based exam and top 40 to 45 percentile students pass the exam, based on the weighted average marks for all subjects hence its necessary to pass in all the subjects. There is no negative marking.
posted @ 10:07 AM, ,
Money Market, Forex and General News - 06-08-2009
Friday, August 7, 2009
The market was short of liquidity today with majority of the overnight deals in the band of 13.50% p.a.
The USD/PkR parity inched upwards as inflows outpaced outflows from the interbank. The parity strengthened by approximately 50 bps to close at 82.68/72. Yesterday's closing parity was 83.20/25.
In the upcoming Monetary Policy on August 15, 2009, State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) is expected to introduce a new policy rate structure. The new structure would end the single policy rate regime in favor of repo and reverse repo rates. The Policy rate would be for borrowing from SBP by banks while on reverse repo rate banks would supposed to lend to SBP. It would not only improve the liquidity management of banking system but also lower the fluctuation of the interbank market. The differential between the Repo rate and the reverse repo is likely to be of 200-250 basis points.
All eyes on the IMF review tomorrow as outcome may drive the next MPS and fiscal stance thereafter. The sentiments are expected to be dominated by the expectations of better corporate results and policy rate cut.
Source: NBP Treasury
posted @ 12:40 PM, ,
Types of Financial Risk
Thursday, August 6, 2009
Risk of declining prices or volatility of prices in the finacial markets will result a loss. There are two types of market risk inculding Absolute Risk and Relative Risk. Withing the market risk following risks are of importance.
Risk of loss due to inadequate liqudity of position / asset at a fair price. Risks withing the liquidity risk are
Risk of loss due to dafaul of counterpart in a financial transaction. Important terms and further classess of risks under credit risk are
Risk of loss due to inadequate monitoring system, management failure, defective controls, frauds and human errors. This risk is particulary relevant to DERIVATIVE TRADING, because derivatives are inherently higly leveraged instrument, which enable tradters to expose a firm to loss using relativly small amount of capital. Following are the classes of operational risk
posted @ 12:52 PM, ,
Designation: Associate Finance
Total Position: 1
Job Type: Permanent ( firstshift )
Job Location: Islamabad
Gender: Doesn't Matter
Minimum Education Bachelor's Degree
Degree Title: MBA /ICMA/ACCA (Part Qualified) degree
Career Level: Experienced (Non-Manager)
Minimum Experience: 2 Years(Have minimum two years of finance experience)
Apply here by: Aug 12, 2009
posted @ 12:29 PM, ,
- Etisalat International has threatened to approach arbitration court in London against the anticipated decision of the Government of Pakistan (GoP) to issue Long Distance International (LDI) license to China Mobile Pakistan. Etisalat acquired management control of Pakistan Telecommunication Company (PTCL) through purchase of 26 percent shares in PTCL. The Shares Purchase Agreement between the Privatisation Commission and Etisalat, signed in 2006, stipulates non-issuance of new mobile and fixed line licenses in Pakistan for 7 years. Etisalat International considers the prospective decision to award LDI license to China Mobile as a violation of the contractual terms and guarantees.
- The Cabinet Committee Regulatory Bodies (CCRB) in 2006 had also approved a summary submitted by the Ministry of Information Technology (MOIT). The summary put on hold for the next seven years granting of new land lines, LDI and cellular licenses. This watch hold decision was subject to the recommendations of the Pakistan elecommunication Authority (PTA) based on the future market dynamics. This decision implied that the GoP could issue new land line, LLI and cellular licenses ‘corresponding to the availability of the spectrum’ and market dynamics consequent to contract finalisation with Etisalat.
- The decision to award LDI license to China Mobile was based on a MOIT summary prepared on the pretext of the above CCRB decision in 2006. This summary was approved by the Cabinet in September 2008.
- Etisalat in the wake of the Cabinet decision to grant China Mobile the license, is of the opinion that this decision is against the stipulations of the Shares Purchase Agreement signed in 2006 China Mobile Pakistan wants the implementation of the last year’s Cabinet decision to grant the license. The resolution of this issue to the satisfaction of the concerned parties will be beneficial for the sustained growth and investment in the telecom sector which already is showing signs of stagnation. An example is the cellular industry growth rate of 1.3% in the last fiscal year. According to PTA estimates the number of mobile phone users in Pakistan is crossing 90 million but the Average Revenue per User (ARPU) has decreased lately mainly because of different economical issues.
- Mobile operators strategy of attracting volumes of subscribers by bringing down prices has resulted in decline in ARPU from $4 to $2.6. The country’s tele-density of 62% has also reached its limit as majority of the population that does not have a mobile is either too young to have cell phones or live below the poverty levels.
Labels: Economy and Business
posted @ 10:23 AM, ,
Risk is an unexpected variablity of asset prices and earning. There are two major sources of risk;
1. Business Risk:
is the risk that a firm is subjected to during daily operations and includes the risks that result from business decisions and the business environment. Business risk includes Strategic Risk and Macro Economic Risk.
Stretegic risk reflects risks inherent in the decision of senior management setting a business strategy. Macro Economic Risk is inherent with the overall economic condition of the region and it has an impact over firm's operation and sales. One of the examples of business risk is that the economy will slow and demand for a product will fall.
2. Financial Risk:
is the result of a firm's financial market activities. Like interest rate movement after the issuance of floating rate bonds. In this case the issuing firm will be negatively impacted if market reates increase.
posted @ 9:24 AM, ,
Money Market, Forex and General News 04-08-09
Wednesday, August 5, 2009
Money Market opened at 12.50 percent.SBP injected Rs 23.5 billion @ 12.53 percent for four days through Open Market Operation OMO).Market topped at 13.75 percent and closed at 12 percent.
Inter bank opened at 83.35 & 83.40.Market topped at 83.42 while made a bottom at 83.20.Later on rupee gained some ground and closed at 83.28 & 83.30.
Self power generation seems to be only viable solution for industries and consumers as power crisis continued to paralyze business activities through out the country. Pakistan imported power peneration machineries of over $1.7 billion in FY-09 compared with $1.1 billion last year, exerting further pressure on import bill. Power shortage and pilferage and un announced load shedding forced industrialist and exporters to import power machinery which substantially increased cost of production.
World Bank postponed two key loans regarding National Trade Corridor worth 834 million dollars for a year after the government's lethargic and lackluster attitude towards transport sector investment. Two loans of 634.5 million-dollar National Expressway and 200 million-dollar National Trade Corridor Improvement Plan were under active review with the World Bank during 2007-08, which are gradually falling out of sight as the government is showing no progress in these areas.
Source: NBP Treasury
posted @ 11:32 AM, ,
Money Market, Forex and General News - 03-08-2009
Monday, August 3, 2009
Money Market opened at 12.50 percent .Market remained tight on Monday as it topped at 13.90 percent and closed at the same level. Six month KIBOR stayed at 12 percent.
Inter bank opened at 83.30 & 83.40.Market surpassed barrier of 83.50 and topped at 83.52 while made a bottom at 83.35.Later on rupee gained some ground and closed at 83.33 & 83.38.
Citigroup would give United States government a thirty four percent stake in the equity as part of federal bailout of the third largest American bank. Government is going to be a major stakeholder of Citi group. Investors have agreed to swap some $32.8 billion of preferred securities for common stock and the government
agreed to swap $25 billion. Citigroup called for the bailouts after suffering massive credit losses and write downs due to financial crisis which sent tremors to Wall Street and toppled Citi from US largest bank to third largest. Government came to rescue Citi and has injected around $45 billion from TARP (Troubled Asset Relief
Program) and agreed to share losses on $300 billion of troubled assets. Citi is further pondering to shed its consumer finance, insurance and toxic assets.
posted @ 6:22 PM, ,
Best Corporate Reports
Sunday, August 2, 2009
Any corporate report in which the auditors' report has any qualification/ disclaimer of opinion/ adverse opinion or matter of emphasis due to going concern will not be eligible for the competition.
Except for the above change, remaining evaluation criteria of BCR for 2009 which was circulated earlier remains unchanged. The revised Eligibility Criteria is effective for annual reports 2009.
The revised Evaluation Criteria is also available on Institute’s website
posted @ 10:47 PM, ,
posted @ 10:43 AM, ,
Job in Mobilink
Saturday, August 1, 2009
Designation: Business Analyst
Category: Business Development
Job Type: Permanent ( firstshift )
Job Location: Lahore
Gender: Doesn't Matter
Minimum Education Bachelor's Degree
Degree Title: MBA/ BCS/ MCS degree
Career Level: Entry Level
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Apply here By: Aug 6, 2009
posted @ 11:49 AM, ,
- Foreign Debt $50.1bn
- Per Cap Income $1046
- GDP Growth 2.0%
- Average CPI 20.77%
- Trade Balance $-1.80 bln
- Exports $1.54 bln
- Imports $3.34 bln
Weekly July 27, 2009
- Reserves $11.844.bln
posted @ 11:36 AM, ,
Money market opened at 11.75 percent. Overnight repo rates topped at 13.90 and closed at 13.25 percent. KIBOR for six month has inched upward in last few days to 11.99 after consistent decline.
Inter bank opened at 83.25 & 83.30.Market touched level of 83.34 reflecting strong demand of US dollar. Market closed at 83.20 & 83.25.
The depreciating Pakistani rupee would be under further pressure shortly, since banks would be obliged to arrange foreign exchange for payments of diesel and other refined products from August 01st 2009 in addition to payment of furnace oil. These products constitute almost fifty percent of oil import bill i.e. around $4-5 billion annually. Therefore banks would arrange some $500 million each month which will surely infuriate demand for US dollar and deteriorate the local currency. Rupee has already hit barrier of “83” in the inter bank market.
IMF, the Washington based lender is considering an increase in loan package to Pakistan which was approved last November to the magnitude of USD 7.1 bn, almost USD 4 bn of which are already disbursed. The statement nevertheless, will have a positive sentiment on the local currency which has been under pressure in the recent times on account of discontinuation of foreign exchange being arranged by the State Bank for petroleum products imports.
posted @ 11:03 AM, ,
All Loans / Advances (on gross basis) less refinance availed from SBP under Export Refinance and Long Term Financing Facility (LTFF) Schemes and lending to other banks.
All types of deposits including Demand, Savings, and Time Deposits less deposits / placements from other banks.
posted @ 10:58 AM, ,